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strrep.m

## Copyright (C) 1995, 1996  Kurt Hornik
##
## This file is part of Octave.
##
## Octave is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
## under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
## the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
## any later version.
##
## Octave is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
## WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
## General Public License for more details.
##
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
## along with Octave; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free
## Software Foundation, 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
## 02111-1307, USA.

## -*- texinfo -*-
## @deftypefn {Function File} {} strrep (@var{s}, @var{x}, @var{y})
## Replaces all occurrences of the substring @var{x} of the string @var{s}
## with the string @var{y}.  For example,
##
## @example
## strrep ("This is a test string", "is", "&%$")
##      @result{} "Th&%$ &%$ a test string"
## @end example
## @end deftypefn

## Author: Kurt Hornik <Kurt.Hornik@ci.tuwien.ac.at>
## Created: 11 November 1994
## Adapted-By: jwe
## Paul Kienzle <pkienzle@kienzle.powernet.co.uk>
##    vectorized for speed

function t = strrep (s, x, y)
  if (nargin <> 3)
    usage ("strrep (s, x, y)");
  endif

  if (! (isstr (s) && isstr (x) && isstr (y)))
    error ("strrep: all arguments must be strings");
  endif

  if (length (x) > length (s) || isempty (x))
    t = s;
    return;
  endif

  ind = findstr (s, x, 0);
  if (length(ind) == 0)
    t = s;

  elseif (length(y) > 0)      # replacement
    ## Copy the parts of s that aren't being replaced.  This is done
    ## with an index vector, with jumps where each search string
    ## is found.  For a jump of 0 (target length == replacement length)
    ## the index is just cumsum ( ones (length (s))).  For non-zero
    ## jumps, add the jump size to the ones vector at each found position.
    jump = length(y) - length(x);
    if (jump > 0)     # s expands
      di = ones(size(s));
      di (ind) = 1 + jump * ones (length (ind), 1);
      t (cumsum (di)) = s;
      ## the following test is not needed in the octave 2.1 series
      if (size(s,1) == 1 && size(t,1) != 1)
      t = t';
      endif
    elseif (jump < 0) # s contracts
      di = ones (jump * length (ind) + length (s), 1);
      di (ind + jump * [0:length(ind)-1]) = 1 - jump * ones(length(ind), 1);
      t = s (cumsum (di));
    else              # s stays the same length
      t = s;
    endif

    ## Now, substitute a copy of the replacement string whereever the
    ## search string was found.  Note that we must first update the
    ## target positions to account for any expansion or contraction
    ## of s that may have occurred.
    ind = ind + jump * [ 0 : length(ind) - 1 ];
    repeat = [1 : length(y)]' * ones (1, length (ind));
    dest = ones (length (y), 1) * ind + repeat - 1;
    t (dest) = y (repeat);

  else                        # deletion
    ## Build an index vector of all locations where the target was found
    ## in the search string, and zap them. 
    t = toascii(s);
    repeat = ' * ones (1, length (ind));
    delete = ones (length (x), 1) * ind + repeat - 1;
    t (delete) = [];
    t = setstr(t);
  endif

endfunction

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